Detail Article


ISSN 2301-5837

Vol. 4 / No. 2 / Published : 2015-08

Order : 2, and page :69 - 76

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Original Article :

An analysis of lexical errors in the english narrative writing produced by the tenth grade students of sma negeri 9 surabaya in efl classroom

Author :

  1. Robby Andre*1
  2. Jurianto*2
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
  2. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

The present study aims at examining the types of lexical errors found in the English narrative writing produced by the tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 9 Surabaya. This study also focuses on calculating the most common lexical error found in the students’ narrative writings. The data was collected from the English narrative writings of 39 students. The analysis of the data was based on James’ lexical errors taxonomy (1988). The study found a total of 399 lexical errors, with an average number of 10 errors per narrative writing. Besides, the analysis of the data showed that there were only 11 sub-types of formal error and 3 sub-types of semantic error found in the students’ narrative writings. Moreover, calque was the most common lexical error with a total of 106 errors, followed by misselection which accounted for 84 errors and using wrong near synonym which amounted to 52 errors. The results of this study confirm that almost all of the students have a serious problem in determining the correct form of lexical items. Therefore, this study suggests that vocabulary teaching and learning in English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts and error correction during the teaching-learning process may become alternative ways to help reduce the number of lexical errors that students may make in their writing.  

Keyword :

lexical errors, narrative writing, EFL,

References :

Llach, M. P.,(2011) Lexical Errors and Accuracy in Foreign Language Writing. (D. Singleton, Ed.) Bristol : Multilingual Matters

Brown, H. D.,(2007) Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (5th ed.) New York : Pearson Education, Inc.

James, C.,(1998) Errors in Language Learning and Use: Exploring Error Analysis (Applied Linguistics & Language Study) London : Longman

Llach, M. P.,(2011) Lexical Errors and Accuracy in Foreign Language Writing. (D. Singleton, Ed. Bristol : Multilingual Matters

Niwandhono P.,(2014) Pengaruh Kesadaran Unsur Pembentuk Kalimat terhadap Peningkatan NilaiTes Kemampuan Bahasa Inggris Mozaik vol 14 no 1, pp. 245-258 : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Airlangga

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