UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA



Detail Article

Journal Of Aquaculture And Fish Health

ISSN 2301-7309

Vol. 2 / No. 1 / Published : 2013-02

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Original Article :

The effect of protein and energy balance of different artificial feedtoward growth rate and feed efficiency of tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) seed

Author :

  1. Arbia Lailatul Rohma*1
  2. Agustono*2
  3. Muhammad Arief*3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan

Abstract :

Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) have an important economic value and one of the leading commodity on freshwater. The prospects of tilapia marked by the continuously increasing of production. The lack of tilapia (Orechromis niloticus)can be solved by accelerate the growth. One way to accelerate the growth can be done by giving the proper feeding. The main function for fish feed is as the main source ofenergy which acts onsupportingthe growth, activityandreproduction,thereforegivenfeed must fulfillthe energy needs forfish. Protein is the main energy source for the fish. The balance between the protein and feed energy should be considered in the composition of fish feed, thus need toknowthe level of proteinandthe right balancebetweenproteinandthe energy contained in the feed in order to achieve the optimal growth. The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of protein and energy balance values ​​on artificial feed againts growth rate and the feed efficiency of tilapia. The methods used in this research is experimental method, using a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatments and five replications, that is P1 (20%, 2487.80 kcal / kg), P2 (25%, 2451.09 kcal / kg), P3 (30 %, 2414.40 kcal / kg) and P4 (35%, 2377.70 kcal / kg). The obtained data were processed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results of this research showedthatfeeding withthe different proteinandenergybalanceproducingdaily growth rateand feed efficiencythatdifferentlyhigh significant(p <0.01). The best growth of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) seedsis found in P3 treatment at 2.62%, and the highestof feed efficiencyfound in P3treatment at 24.02%.

Keyword :

Tilapia, protein , energy balance, growth, feed efficiency,


References :

T.Popma ; L. L. Lovshin,(1996) Worldwide Prospect for Commercial Production of Tilapia Alabama : Departement of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures Auburn University





Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 2 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2013-02
  1. The Potency Of Morinda (morinda Citrifolia) Fruit Distillation In Combating Efforts Lernaea Infestation Of Maskoki (carassius Auratus) Fish
  2. Noni Fruit (morinda Citrifolia) Distillation Usage For Myxobolus Control In Carp Fish (cyprinus Carpio L)
  3. The Identification And Predilection Of Ectoparasites Lernaea In Gouramy (osphronemus Gouramy, Lac) At Ngrajek, Mungkid District, Magelang Regency
  4. The Effect Of Protein And Energy Balance Of Different Artificial Feedtoward Growth Rate And Feed Efficiency Of Tilapia (oreochromis Niloticus) Seed
  5. Nursering Technique Of Humpback Grouper (cromileptes Altivelis) In Brackish Water Aquaculture Association (bbap) Situbondo, East Java Province
  6. Cultivation Technique Of Porphyridium Sp. For Intermediate Scale In Balai Budidaya Air Payau (bbap), Situbondo, East Java Province
  7. Optimizing Combination Of Fermentated Transh Fish And Rice Bran On Food As Substitute Fish Mealto The Growth And Feed Efficiency Of Tilapia (oreochromis Niloticus)