UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA



Detail Article

MOZAIK HUMANIORA

ISSN 2442-8469

Vol. 15 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-01

Order : 4, and page :44 - 53

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Original Article :

The use of pictures in scaffolding young efl learners in writing

Author :

  1. Hazem Al Jaddan*1
  1. Department of TESL, The English and Foreign Languages University

Abstract :

Prestasi  siswa  pembelajar  Bahasa  Inggris  sebagai  bahasa  asing  dalam  menulis  deskripsi  dapat ditingkatkan jika alat bantu dan metode pembelajaran dilakukan dengan tepat. Penelitian ini berkaitan dengan penggunaan gambar sebagai alat bantu yang bertahap kepada pembelajar yang duduk di kelas 6 sekolah dasar di Aleppo, Suriah, ketika mereka menulis deskripsi orang dan tempat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana gambar dapat membantu pembelajar atau siswa secara  bertahap  dalam  proses  menulis  deskripsi  di  ZPD  (Zone  of  Proximal  Development)  dan apakah  gambar  tersebut  merupakan  alat  yang  cukup  tepat  untuk  scaffolding  (membantu  siswa secara bertahap). Data dikumpulkan dari hasil tulisan siswa yang diklasifikasikan berdasarkan tiga criteria: jumlah kata, penyelesaian tugas, dan informasi tambahan. Kemudian, data tersebut dianalisa berdasarkan tiga tahap; kata, kalimat, dan paragraf. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam menuliskan deskripsi orang, penggunaan gambar dikatakan tidak terlalu efektif membantu siswa. Hal  ini  dapat  terlihat  di  jumlah  kata  yang  ditulis  siswa  dan  informasi  tambahan  yang  diberikan siswa dalam merespons gambar sangat terbatas. Sebaliknya, gambar dikatakan cukup efektif untuk membantu  siswa  menulis  deskripsi  tempat  secara  bertahap.  Hal  ini  dapat  ditunjukkan  dengan kemampuan siswa untuk menggabungkan dan mengembangkan ide-ide mereka yang ditunjukkan dengan penggunaan kata depan pada level kalimat dan paragraf. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat berguna bagi pengajar dalam mengembangkan alat bantu pengajaran dalam bentuk gambar untuk mengajar menulis, sehingga kualitas tulisan deskripsi siswa meningkat.Kata kunci:  gambar, penulisan deskriptif, scaffolding, ZPDAbstractThe present study focuses on pictures used as scaffolding for thirty sixth grade students in Aleppo, Syria, in writing descriptions of people and places. This study aims to figure out how pictures scaffold the students in descriptive writing and whether or not pictures are adequate to scaffold the students in ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development). For this purpose, some tasks of descriptive writing were designed with pictures to aid descriptions of people and places. The data gathered from the students’ responses were analyzed based on three criteria: number of words, completion of the tasks, additional information. Further, the responses were analyzed at three levels: word, sentence and paragraph. The study has found that in the describing people, pictures are not effective in supporting children. On contrary, pictures effectively did scaffold the students in writing description of places. This was elicited from the students’ ability to elaborate and expand ideas through the use of prepositions at the level of sentences as well as paragraph. The implication of this is that teachers could incorporate scaffolding through the visual input to enhance the descriptive writing of their students.Keywords: descriptive writing, picture, scaffolding, ZPD

Keyword :

descriptive writing, picture, scaffolding, ZPD,


References :

Swain, M, and S Lapkin,(1998) nteraction and Second Language Learning: Two Adolescent French Immersion Students Working Together. (3): 320-337 : Language Journal 82





Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 15 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-01
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  2. From Traditional Birth Attendants To Midwives: Health Development Of Mother And Children In Surabaya 1950-1980
  3. Encoding System Of Metrotv’s News Construction In The Beginning Of Indonesia’s Reformation Era
  4. The Use Of Pictures In Scaffolding Young Efl Learners In Writing
  5. Sport Hegemony In Media: A Case Study On Jawa Pos’ Dbl
  6. “we Are Luckier Than Them”: The Reading Of Trans7’s Orang-orang Pinggiran By Kampung People In Surabaya
  7. The Construction Of Style And Social Space In Sydney’s Fixed Gear Bike Subculture
  8. Cultural Violence, Political Violence: Chronology And Theories Of Sorcerer’s Killings In Banyuwangi 1998-1999
  9. Homophobia In Torch Song Trilogy (1988) And Boys Don’t Cry (1999) Films
  10. Revitalisation Of Chinese-surabaya Cultural Values In Strengthening The Nation’s Character