Detail Article

Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

ISSN Lama 0216-2407, Baru 2086-7050

Vol. 21 / No. 4 / Published : 2008-10

Order : 2, and page :291 - 297

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Original Article :

Social conflict and control over forest land in lampung

Author :

  1. Muryani*1
  1. Staf Akademik Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Airlangga

Abstract :

This study analyses how Government forest policy in Lampung has changed, and the various socio-economic impacts of such inconsistency. It also explains land conflict between the society and the local government. It is argued that new policies have ignored local people’s property rights and customary law, and in doing so have generated prolonged conflict in the forests of Lampung. Finally, conclusions are drawn that the implementation of the Consensus Forest Land Use Plan (TGHK, Tata Guna Hutan Kesepakatan) has tended to ignore the social forest land use rights and customary law. Many local people who seed their agricultural plantations on customary lands find their investments seized by local government in exercise of their formal rights of access. This leads to social dissatisfaction and ineffective environmental conservation. In addition, the government prefers to give forest extraction concessions to large companies. Local communities are marginalized and it has increased impoverishment in the area. It is suggested that the forest conservation and protection cannot be achieved without involving local communities in order to get legitimacy. It is these communities that have interacted most intimately with the forests over a period of time, and they are likely the ones who know how the problems can better be managed.

Keyword :

forest, conflict, policy, local community, government, socio-economic impact,

References :

A. Agrawal,(1999) ‘Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation’ ,World Development, Vol.27, No.4. , : Pergamonhttp://www.personal.umich.edu/~arunagra/papers/Enchantment%20and%20Disenchantment.pdf, diakses 23/02/2007.

C.C. Gibson,(1999) ‘Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation’ ,World Development, Vol.27, No.4. , : Pergamonhttp://www.personal.umich.edu/~arunagra/papers/Enchantment and Disenchantment.pdf, diakses 23/02/2007.

F.V. Brenda- Beckmann,(1989) ‘Scape Goat and Magic Charm : law in development theory and practice’ Padang, Indonesia : Seminar paper ,June 1988

R. M. Dick,(2004) 'Collective Actions and Property Rights for Sustainable Development; understanding property rights’, Washington D.C. : International Food Policy Research Institute, brief 3 of 16

P. Dauvergne,(1997) ‘Weak States and the Environment in Indonesia and the Solomon Islands

Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 21 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2008-01
  1. Social Construction Of Consumptivism, And The Role Of Architecture: A Perspective Of Architectural Sociology
  2. Social Conflict And Control Over Forest Land In Lampung
  3. Social Impact Assessment: Can And Should It Empower Community?
  4. Perubahan Ekosistem Di Lahan Kering
  5. Disparitas Antar Wilayah Di Jawa Timur
  6. Kebijakan Pengampunan Pajak (tax Amnesty) (perspektif Kerangka Kerja Implementasi Sunset Policy Mendasarkan Uu No 28 Tahun 2007 )
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